The article below is under the theme of International Youth Day 2013 “Youth Migration: Moving Development Forward”. Totally my thought in 2013. This year will be on August, International Youth Day 2015 bringing the theme of “Youth Civic Engagement”.
“Youth and Social Inclusion: Civic Engagement, Dialogue and Skills Development”
Celebrating the 13th International Youth Day with the theme of “Youth Migration: Moving Development Forward”, I will discuss this topic as it is the most actual youth issue today. Youth migration has a strong relation with youth civic inclusion. A problem of youth to do a transition from school to professional field might cause them to feel pessimistic with inclusion of the civic.
Start from the definition of youth, United Nation defines youth as those persons between the ages of 15 and 24 years, without prejudice to other definitions by Member States. For activities at the national level, for example when implementing a local community youth program, youth may be understood in a more flexible manner. UNESCO then adopt the definition of youth as used by a particular Member State, thus overall youth means every person between the ages of 15 and 35 years.
Young people represent a vulnerable group subject to a multitude of consequences of underdevelopment. Because of their age and weakness (especially for the youngest ones), their lack of resources and experience, they can be more easily subject to pressures, blackmailing and trafficking. At the same time, they can also play an important role in the development of their county if adequate resources are made available to them so as to positively influence the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
Migration has often been deprived of their rights and subjected to discriminatory measures and actions, including exploitation, mass expulsions, persecution and other atrocities. Young migrants are not fully aware of their potential and of the contribution they can provide as actors of development in their home countries. Although they have an enormous potential to contribute to development and they are willing to do so. Thus resulted to some indifferent live of youth.
Youth from the age of 15 to 35 years old have rights to get involved in groups activity, social activities and volunteering, professional job or for-profit job, and other activity that has global impact. But contradictory from the above rights, youth today are less motivated to actively get involved in social and civic inclusion.
Civic inclusion itself defines the stress of the connection that migrants feel with larger urban community and which is created by their local involvement with the city. Efforts for civic inclusion in border regions can be made at the neighborhood, metropolitan or even transnational scale.
Youth are recognized as one of the most mobile social groups in the context of migration they form about 30% of international migrants, yet very little is known about the livelihood struggles and opportunities that migration presents for young migrants and other youth who are affected by migration. We need to raise awareness about the situation of these young people as well as the role of youth-led organizations in addressing migration issues.
Civic inclusion for youth could be measured success by how far they get involved in civic engagement. DoSomething.org found that 93% of youth reported they have eagerness to volunteer. Yet, just last year, only 27.4% did so. That rate was just the same as the rate for people at the age of 65.
Some reasons for why youth do not succeed the goal to volunteer are because they do not asked or motivated as well as assisted, youth do not aware of the benefit and convey the purpose of civic inclusion, and not enough collaboration between professional and young ages. Those will surely decrease youth motivation to civic inclusion.
Besides volunteering for social activities, youth unemployment is one of the greatest challenges facing the world today. Worldwide, 73 million young people between the ages of 15 – 24 years are estimated to be unemployed. When young are left on the sidelines of work they are from the learning curve, their skills grow rusty and they are denied the work experience that makes them valuable to employers.
Some reasons of youth unemployment are they who are less experience and skills and they who are with skill and experience but hard to get through the transition from school to professional work field.
Just like in Indonesia, a developing country with many potential youth but still we can find problem in youth involvement and empowerment in civic inclusion. Many educated youth are unwilling to join volunteerism to social activity. Many fresh graduates are still unemployed. It seems to be old news but the problem will also seemingly to get bigger with a more global world if we do not take any serious actions for it.
As a youth I have some recommendations to consider as the resolutions to “Youth and Social Inclusion: Civic Engagement, Dialogue and Skills Development”.
Firstly by asking and encouraging youth to involve directly to civic and social activity. Youth are there not to be an object of problem or an object for solution, but youth are there as the subject of the resolution and the subject of change. Thus as the professional, it is so better to encourage and inspire youth to participate in civic inclusion. It will be effective with a direct and intensive teaching and sharing from the senior.
Second, youth have to be able to convey the purpose of their steps in the social inclusion. Usually youth are tended to find the benefit they will get in joining the activity. I mean that no volunteering is only give benefit to the target we volunteer. We have to make sure that youth are aware that volunteering and any such social activity are beneficial to both individual and the volunteering target. This will further effect to youth-self initiative to move with the next civic engagement.
Third is by giving a specific collaboration between the senior or professional with youth. As stated before, that many youth are willing to join social inclusion, but only little who are succeed in doing it real. Youth has a common problem they feel in transition from school to professional field. Thus engage a direct collaboration between youth and professional both financially and morally will absolutely giving relieve and encouragement for youth to make the social impact real.